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A love story of Physics, History and Chemistry

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NOVA “Einstein’s Big Idea”

Einstein's Big Idea PBS NOVA
* Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794), French scientist who discovered law of conservation of mass, working with his wife, Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier.
* Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet – Émilie du Châtelet (1706-1749).
French mathematician and physicist who studied, among other topics, kinetic energy.

While viewing, take notes . Use additional resources listed at end of this paper.  Type answers. 12 point Arial font,  double-spaced,  1″ margins.  This will probably run 3 pages.  Spell and grammar-check your work.  Take care not to engage in plagiarism. Late assignments lose 1 points/day.

Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier and Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze By Jacques-Louis David
1. During what period of time does this segment take place in?

2. In what nation did this scientist’s work take place?  Of what nationality was the scientist?  (Most people are of the same nationality as the country in which they work, but not always.)

3. What major intellectual and social changes were going on at the time?

4. Who was Marie-Anne Pierette Paulze (Madame Lavoisier) ?  What was her background?  What was her role in Lavoisier’s research?

4. What hypotheses were Lavoisier testing?

5. What challenges did they receive to their ideas?

6. Describe one of the experiments that Lavoisier performed.

7. Describe the results of this experiment

8. Do these results confirm or refute his hypothesis?

_______________

Émilie du Châtelet


1. During what period of time does this segment take place in?

2. In what nation did this scientist’s work take place?  Of what nationality was the scientist?

3. What major intellectual and social changes were going on at the time?

4. How did her education compare to that of the average women in her time and place?

5. Who was Voltaire? What was Emilie’s relationship to him?

6. What hypothesis was she testing in this segment?

7. What challenges did she receive to her ideas?

8. Describe the experiment that Émilie du Châtelet performed.

9. Describe the results of her experiment

10. Do these results confirm or refute her hypothesis?

Resources
Use books and Encyclopedias from the school or town library.  If available, see these:

“Passionate Minds: The Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment, Featuring the Scientist Emilie du Chatelet, the Poet Voltaire, Sword Fights, Book Burnings, Assorted Kings” David Bodanis, Crown, 2006

“Passionate Minds: Emilie du Chatelet, Voltaire, and the Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment.”

“Lavoisier In The Year One: The Birth Of A New Science In An Age Of Revolution”
Madison Smartt Bell, W. W. Norton & Company (June 2005)

Websites
America Chemical Society
http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/lavoisier.html

World’s Best Paintings
http://www.worldsbestpaintings.net/artistsandpaintings/painting/115/

Lavoisier – Conservation of Mass, from Einstein’s Big Idea – Nature is a closed system : part 1

Lavoisier – Conservation of Mass, part 2

Émilie du Châtelet, from Einstein’s Big Idea

“NOVA: Einstein’s Big Idea” – Program website
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/einstein/  Click on “Ancestors of E=mc2″

History of Energy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_energy

Antoine Lavoisier
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoine_Lavoisier

The Chateau de Cirey, about 250 km from Paris, was where Voltaire lived there for 15 years
http://www.visitvoltaire.com/index.html

 

 

 

 

 

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