Alcohols: Any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (-O H) is bound to a saturated carbon atom.
The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethyl alcohol (ethanol), the alcohol in alcoholic beverages.
Methanol, wood alcohol, methyl alcohol – CH3OH (MeOH).
The simplest alcohol
Ethanol, ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol – produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts. – CH3CH2OH C2H5OH, EtOH
C3H8O or C3H7OH or CH3CHOHCH3
Used widely as a solvent and as a cleaning fluid, especially for dissolving oils.
Chemical reaction involving alcohol
Dehydration Synthesis : how to make pear flavoring.
propyl alcohol + and acetic acid -> H2O + Propyl acetate ( CH3COOCH2CH2CH3)
Here are 3 ways of representing the molecules:
Top row = space-filled models. They show the space that each atom takes up.
Middle row = structural formula -> shows the atoms and approximate structure
Bottom row = skeletal structure. Chains of C atoms are simply drawn as lines (every bend in a line is a C. C atoms also at end of line, if no other element indicated. Less accurate shape, but easy to draw.