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Physiology and Anatomy

What is physiology? What is anatomy?

Physiology studies how our cells, muscles and organs work together, how they interact. It looks at living mechanisms – from the molecular basis of cell function to the whole integrated behavior of the entire body.

Physiology Art Deco

The word “physiology” comes from the Ancient Greek physis, which means “nature, origin”, and logia, which means “study of”.

{ Medical News Today (MNT) http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248791.php }

Anatomy is the identification and description of the structures of living things…. it can be divided into three broad areas: human anatomy, zootomy (animal anatomy), and phytotomy (plant anatomy).

The word anatomy comes from the Greek ana– meaning “up”, and tome– meaning “a cutting”. Anatomy, especially in the past, has depended heavily on dissection. In Greek and Latin the words “anatomy” and “dissection” have virtually the same meanings. Although both words have similar origins, anatomy has evolved to become a broad discipline of its own, while dissection remains a technique of anatomical science.

Human compared to elephant frame. Wikipedia.

Anatomical chart by Vesalius, Epitome, 1543.  Wikpedia

The digestive system Digestion upload

Learning Standards

2016 Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework

HS-LS1-2. Develop and use a model to illustrate the key functions of animal body systems: Emphasis is on the primary function of the following body systems (and structures): digestive (mouth, stomach, small intestine [villi], large intestine, pancreas), respiratory (lungs, alveoli, diaphragm), circulatory (heart, veins, arteries, capillaries), excretory (kidneys, liver, skin), and nervous (neurons, brain, spinal cord).

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