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Geography is the spatial study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments. There are many sub-disciplines in this field e.g. cartography, political geography, cultural geography, physical geography, etc.

Businesses use geography when they decide where to locate a new plant.

Real estate developers use geography when they decide where to build a new housing development.

World Regional Geography GEG 101

Syllabus (under development)

The difference between geography, geology, geometry, and geodesy

Geography terms – all the basics!

Latitude and longitude

Latitude and climate

Maps and cartography

Map projections How do we represent a 3D world on a 2D map?

Mercator maps: Use and criticism


Why study geography

Canadian council for geographic education

To understand basic physical systems that affect everyday life (e.g. earth-sun relationships, water cycles, wind and ocean currents).

To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of those places in order to function more effectively in our increasingly interdependent world.

To understand the geography of past times and how geography has played important roles in the evolution of people, their ideas, places and environments.

To develop a mental map of your community, province or territory, country and the world so that you can understand the “where” of places and events.

To explain how the processes of human and physical systems have arranged and sometimes changed the surface of the Earth.

To understand the spatial organization of society and see order in what often appears to be random scattering of people and places.

To recognize spatial distributions at all scales — local and worldwide — in order to understand the complex connectivity of people and places.

To be able to make sensible judgements about matters involving relationships between the physical environment and society.

To appreciate Earth as the homeland of humankind and provide insight for wise management decisions about how the planet’s resources should be used.

To understand global interdependence and to become a better global citizen.

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