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Geography and maps

The difference between geometry, geology, and geography.
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Geometry

 is the branch of mathematics concerned with the properties and relations of points, lines, surfaces, solids.

 

 

Geology

is the science that deals with the earth’s physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.

Moho discontinuity

Geography

 is the spatial study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments.

Geographers concentrate on the “where” and by doing this they gain a better understanding of what is being studied than if the “where” were ignored.

…we have a wide variety of sub-disciplines in the field of geography (like political geography, cultural geography, physical geography, etc.).
Businesses use geography when they decide WHERE to locate a new plant.
Real estate developers use geography when they decide WHERE to build a new housing development.
You use geography when you decided WHERE to look for a job,
or WHERE to go on vacation, or WHERE to go to school.
If the WHERE is important, then geographers can study it.

– World Regional Geography GEG 101, http://harpercollege.edu/mhealy/g101ilec/intro/int/g3intrfr.htm

Geography includes cartography (map making)

Different types of maps one may come across in geography.

 

(Canadian council for geographic education)

http://www.cgeducation.ca/resources/why_geography/top10.asp

To understand basic physical systems that affect everyday life (e.g. earth-sun relationships, water cycles, wind and ocean currents).

To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of those places in order to function more effectively in our increasingly interdependent world.

To understand the geography of past times and how geography has played important roles in the evolution of people, their ideas, places and environments.

To develop a mental map of your community, province or territory, country and the world so that you can understand the “where” of places and events.

To explain how the processes of human and physical systems have arranged and sometimes changed the surface of the Earth.

To understand the spatial organization of society and see order in what often appears to be random scattering of people and places.

To recognize spatial distributions at all scales — local and worldwide — in order to understand the complex connectivity of people and places.

To be able to make sensible judgements about matters involving relationships between the physical environment and society.

To appreciate Earth as the homeland of humankind and provide insight for wise management decisions about how the planet’s resources should be used.

To understand global interdependence and to become a better global citizen.

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