Chapter 33 – Physics: Principles with Applications, 6th edition, Giancoli
Astrophysics and Cosmology
33.1: Stars and Galaxies
33.2: Stellar Evolution: Birth and Death of Stars, Nucleosynthesis
33.3: Distance Measurements
33.4: General Relativity: Gravity and the Curvature of Space
Have Gravitational Waves finally been detected by LIGO? Physicists Umberto Cannella and Daniel Whiteson explain what they are and why they’ll cause a big ripple in our understanding of the Universe.
Gravitational Waves Explained: Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics)
33.5: The Expanding Universe: Redshift and Hubble’s Law
33.6: The Big Bang and the Cosmic Microwave Background
33.7: The Standard Cosmological Model: Early History of the Universe
33.8: Inflation: Explaining Flatness, Uniformity, and Structure
33.9: Dark Matter and Dark Energy
33.10: Large-Scale Structure of the Universe
2016 Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework
HS-ESS1-2. Describe the astronomical evidence for the Big Bang theory, including the red shift of light from the motion of distant galaxies as an indication that the universe is currently expanding, the cosmic microwave background as the remnant radiation from the Big Bang, and the observed composition of ordinary matter of the universe, primarily found in stars and interstellar gases, which matches that predicted by the Big Bang theory (3/4 hydrogen and 1/4 helium).
SAT Subject Test: Physics
Quantum phenomena, such as photons and photoelectric effect
Atomic, such as the Rutherford and Bohr models, atomic energy levels, and atomic spectra
Nuclear and particle physics, such as radioactivity, nuclear reactions, and fundamental particles
Relativity, such as time dilation, length contraction, and mass-energy equivalence
A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012)
Electromagnetic radiation can be modeled as a wave of changing electric and magnetic fields or as particles called photons. The wave model is useful for explaining many features of electromagnetic radiation, and the particle model explains other features. Quantum theory relates the two models…. Knowledge of quantum physics enabled the development of semiconductors, computer chips, and lasers, all of which are now essential components of modern imaging, communications, and information technologies.